(Photo by author from a trip to Chicago a LOT of years ago)
The Chicago & Western Indiana officially owned Dearborn Station, The C&WI itself was owned jointly by the Chicago & Eastern Illinois, Erie, Grand Trunk, Monon and Wabash.
Although Santa Fe operated the greatest number of trains at the station, it was only a tenant.
The railroad began in 1879 as an interconnect between other Chicago area railroads and belt lines.
In 1882 it added the South Chicago & West Indiana R.R. and the Chicago & Western Indiana Belt Railway.
In 1912, it acquired the Chicago Union Transfer Railway and also leased certain equipment and trackage rights was granted to the Belt Railway of Chicago.
In 1933 the company acquired the Burlington, South Chicago Terminal Railroad.
Dearborn Union Passenger Terminal was closed in 1971.
In 1983 the Belt Railway of Chicago acquired much of the C.& W.I.
The railroad ceased operations in 1994.
What remains of trackage is operated by Union Pacific, CSX, BNSF, Metra, Belt Railway and other short lines.
Commuter rail services also operated from the station: Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad – operated between Dearborn Station and Dolton, serving mostly local stops within Chicago’s far south side. Discontinued in 1964
In 1993, Metra assumed direct operation of the Orland Park service from Norfolk Southern, employing the train crews and renaming it the South West Service. The trackage west of 74th Street would be leased from Norfolk Southern, although NS would continue to dispatch the line from Landers Yard. Metra had earlier acquired ownership and the dispatching functions of the former Chicago and Western Indiana trackage, between 21st St. and 74th St.
State Line Interlocking
In the early 1890’s, eight railroads were party to an at-grade crossing near the Illinois/Indiana State Line in Hammond, Indiana. The eight railroads, who collectively built the original State Line Crossing were Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad Company (purchased by IHB, no longer in existence); Chicago & State Line Railroad Company (NicklePlate now Norfolk Southern Corporation); the New York, Chicago, & St. Louis Company (NicklePlate now Norfolk Southern Corporation); the Chicago & Erie Railroad Company (abandoned after the creation of Conrail); the Louisville, New Albany, & Chicago Railway Company (tracks removed no longer in existence); the Chicago & Calumet Terminal Railway Company (now B&OCT (CSX)); the Michigan Central Railroad Company (purchased by IHB, tracks removed no longer in existence); and the
Railroads in 1901
CHICAGO & WESTERN INDIANA RAILROAD.
The main line of this road extends from Chicago to Dolton, Ill. (17 miles), and affords terminal facilities for all lines entering the Polk St. Depot at Chicago. It has branches to Hammond, Ind. (10.28 miles); to Cragin (15.9 miles), and to South Chicago (5.41 miles); making the direct mileage of its branches 48.59 miles. In addition, its second, third and fourth tracks and sidings increase the mileage to 204.79 miles. The company was organized June 9, 1879; the road opened in 1880, and, on Jan. 26, 1882, consolidated with the South Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad Company, and the Chicago & Western Indiana Belt Railway. It also owns some 850 acres in fee in Chicago, including wharf property on the Chicago River, right of way, switch and transfer yards, depots, the Indiana grain elevator, etc. The elevator and the Belt Division are leased to the Belt Railway Company of Chicago, and the rest of the property is leased conjointly by the Chicago & Eastern Illinois, the Chicago & Grand Trunk, the Chicago & Erie, the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago, and the Wabash Railways of which owns $1,000,000 of the capital oak), and by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe. These companies pay the expense of operation and maintenance on a mileage basis.
Until 1940, the Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad bisected the airport into north and south sections. But the railroad was rerouted, and in 1941 the tracks were removed and the two sections united.
PASSENGER TRAIN ROUTINGS IN CHICAGO – DEARBORN STATION
Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad
Harrison Street to 22nd Street
Track Map Dearborn Station including AT&SF (Santa Fe) facilities.
1953, revised to 1965?
Click to enlarge
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